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What is a Stem Cell?

A Stem Cell is an undifferentiated cell.  It can develop into an adult cell and become any of several different cells.  Stem cells can renew themselves almost indefinitely.

What does a stem cell do?

Stem cells replace and repair injured or dying cells in the body.  

What can a stem cell become?

There are 220 cells in the human body.  Some stem cells can replace all of these (called Totipotent Stem Cells).  Some stem cells can replace many, but not all, of these cells (called Pluripotent Stem Cells).  And, and some can only replace a few specific cells (called multi-potent Stem Cells).

Where does a stem cell come from?

Stem cells are in many different parts of the body.  There are large concentrations of them in the bones, the eyes, nasal passages, and fat tissue.

Early in our life, when we were just a few days old, almost all of our cells were stem cells and these developed into the 220 different types of cells we have today.

Stem cells are also found in umbilical cord blood, amniotic fluid and baby teeth.

What are the two types of Stem Cells?

Embryonic stem cells come from early humans that are just a few days old.

Adult stem cells, also called alternative stem cells, come from various parts of our bodies. They also are found in umbilical cord blood and amniotic fluid.

Which type of Stem Cell is successfully treating diseases and ailments?

Adult or Alternative stem cells.  No one cure has come from embryonic stem cells.

See the reverse side of this flyer for a list of ailments that have been successfully treated with adult stem cells.

Stem cells may provide cures to a variety of diseases and ailments.  Many scientists want to use embryonic stem cells because of their ability to develop into all 220 types of cells.  However, scientists are unable to control the development of embryonic stem cells and therefore there have been no cures using embryonic stem cells.

Adult or Alternative stem cells that come from the patient's own body have been successfully used to treat many diseases and ailments.  They also have been matched to the stem cells of other people and have provided successful treatments there as well.

Kansans for Life © 2015